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Archive for the ‘Mayan Civilization’ Category

The Mayan Prophecies : Mayan Civilization

The Mayan Prophecies Short Overview. The authors demonstrate how the Mayan Holy Number 1,366,560 days, known as the birth of Venus and the basis of their calendar, indicates ancient knowledge of sun spot cycles and their effect on the human race. They explore the popular myth of Quetzalcoatl and its... [Read More]

Mayan Civilization : THE MAYAN LITERATURE

THE MAYAN LITERATURE POPOL VUH The Mayans were the only people in the Americas who had a developed form of writing, thus some of their inscriptions cannot be entirely deciphered. Part of the problem is the limited number of texts; only three pre-Spanish Maya books, or codices, are known to exist. One... [Read More]

Mayan Civilization : Agriculture Maya diet and subsistence

Agriculture Maya diet and subsistence The ancient Maya had diverse and sophisticated methods of food production. It was formerly believed that shifting cultivation (swidden) agriculture provided most of their food but it is now thought that permanent raised fields, terracing, forest gardens, managed... [Read More]

Maya Civilization : Religion, Maya religion

Religion Maya religion God K, the god of lightning A jade mask. Its design metaphorically represents the Rain God Chaac, and the Creator God Kukulkan. The Mayans concept of the cosmos is more complex than the western religion. Benson reminds us that the only evidence of the Maya religion is the ruins... [Read More]

Maya Civilization : Astronomy

Astronomy Uniquely, there is some evidence to suggest the Maya appear to be the only pre-telescopic civilization to demonstrate knowledge of the Orion Nebula as being fuzzy, i.e. not a stellar pin-point. The information which supports this theory comes from a folk tale that deals with the Orion constellation’s... [Read More]

Maya Civilization : Maya numerals

Maya numeralsMaya Numerals In common with the other Mesoamerican civilizations, the Maya used a base 20 (vigesimal) and base 5 numbering system (see Maya numerals). Also, the preclassic Maya and their neighbors independently developed the concept of zero by 36 BC. Inscriptions show them on occasion... [Read More]

Maya Civilization : Writing and literacy, Writing system, Maya script

The Maya writing system (often called hieroglyphs from a superficial resemblance to the Ancient Egyptian writing) was a combination of phonetic symbols and logograms. It is most often classified as a logographic or (more properly) a logosyllabic writing system, in which syllabic signs play a significant... [Read More]

Maya architecture, Art, Urban design, Building materials, Notable constructions

Maya art , architechture A stucco relief from Palenque depicting Upakal K’inichA stucco relief from Palenque depicting Upakal K'inich Many consider Maya art of their Classic Era (c. 250 to 900 AD) to be the most sophisticated and beautiful of the ancient New World. The carvings and the reliefs... [Read More]

Mayan Civilizations : Political structures

Political structures Ajaw - Mayan Political Structure A typical Classic Maya polity was a small hierarchical state (ajawil, ajawlel, or ajawlil) headed by a hereditary ruler known as an ajaw (later k’uhul ajaw). Such kingdoms were usually no more than a capital city with its neighborhood and several... [Read More]

History : Maya civilization

History – PreclassicThe Maya area was initially inhabited around the 10th century BC. Recent discoveries of Maya occupation at Cuello in Belize have been carbon dated to around 2600 BC. This level of occupation included monumental structures. The Maya calendar, which is based around the so-called... [Read More]

Geographical extent – Extent of the Maya civilization

geographical-extent-extent-of-the-maya-civilization The geographic extent of the Maya civilization, known as the Maya area, extended throughout the southern Mexican states of Chiapas, Tabasco, and the Yucatán Peninsula states of Quintana Roo, Campeche and Yucatán. The Maya area also extended throughout... [Read More]

Maya : Mesoamerican civilization : 2012 : End of world.

God K - The god of Lightning The Maya is a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems. Initially established during the Preclassic period (c. 2000 BC to... [Read More]